- 12 Ways to Go Green in 2008
- Happy Healthy Holiday!
- 7 Ways to Beat Holiday Stress
- Test Your Environment IQ!
Fall is my favorite season in Los Angeles, watching the birds
change color and fall from the trees.
12 Ways to Go Green in 2008By Joe Wilkes
Here at Beachbody, we're all about getting lean and healthy. And one of the things we also want to slim down is our carbon footprint—the measure of our impact on the environment. From sweeping changes like making our packaging "greener" to little things like switching to filtered tap water at the office instead of using big plastic water cooler jugs, we're trying to do our part in 2008 to try to make our planet as healthy as we try to make our bodies. After all, no matter how much we work out and eat healthily, if our environment is sick, before long, we will be too. Here are some ideas for getting green in 2008. You might not become Leonardo DiCaprio or Al Gore overnight, but just changing one small habit every month could add up to a big difference for the planet and your pocketbook too.
JANUARY—Raid the refrigerator
I've been in the same apartment for about 10 years. And the apartment came with a refrigerator that had been there a lot longer than that. My first clue that something might be up with the door seal was the layer of rust that pitted the length of the door. My second clue should have been that my electric bill was about $80 to $100 a month, which is pretty steep for a one-bedroom apartment, even in L.A. Finally, last year my fridge gave up the ghost and my landlord sprung for a new Energy Star-rated fridge. Not top of the line, but a decent $400 model. My electric bill dropped $60 the first month. If I had bought that fridge when I moved in, I would have paid it off in electricity savings in just over six months, and I would have pocketed around $6,800 that instead I parceled out to Southern California Edison over the years. Try placing a dollar bill in your refrigerator door—if it comes out too easily once the door is closed, you might have a bad seal. By having your refrigerator resealed or by upgrading your refrigerator, you can save a LOT of money, not to mention what you're doing for the planet. Refrigerators are the worst power consumers, but it's worth checking all of your appliances, including air conditioners, televisions, microwaves, etc., to see if they are Energy Star-rated and if it might be worth your while to upgrade. Some electric companies will offer incentives to replace power-abusing appliances.
FEBRUARY—Don't be a dim bulb
You've probably seen more and more of these spiral-shaped fluorescent bulbs around. Compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) cost a bit more than regular incandescent bulbs but only use about a quarter of the electricity—one bulb can save you up to $30 over the course of its lifetime (which is long, up to 15,000 hours compared to the paltry 750 to 1,000 hours of the incandescent bulb). Count up the light bulbs in your house—that's a lot of money saved. With numbers like that, you can see why countries like Australia have begun phasing in these super-green bulbs by law, and have started banning incandescents. But even on a voluntary basis, the green you save by going green should be a pretty good incentive. For those who believe fluorescent lighting is too cold and don't want their living area lit like an airport restroom, take a look at the newer CFLs—as they've grown in popularity, manufacturers have developed new ways to adjust their color temperature. People who visit my CFL-lit abode can't even tell I've replaced my incandescents—and my electric bill dropped another $5 a month. Again, check with your electric company to verify whether any incentive programs exist for replacing your bulbs with CFLs.
MARCH—Sack the plastic bag
Once better recycling techniques were developed for plastic bags, supermarkets were off to the races using the cheaply produced plastic bags. They even put the paper bags in plastic bags. The problem: the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reports that only about 1 percent of the bags get recycled. The rest end up in landfills or as litter, where they begin their 1,000-year decomposition process, leaching their petrochemicals into the soil and groundwater. Other bags go on to become toxic threats to wildlife and sea animals. Many stores have begun refusing to carry these eco-terrors, and almost all now offer some reusable alternative at a reasonable price. Some supermarkets offer discounts or prize drawings for customers who bring their own bags. Plus, the cloth bags are a lot nicer—they don't dig into your hands. And since I keep about 20 in the back of my car (because about another 10 are usually forgotten in my apartment), I always have padding for fragile items.
APRIL—Ban the bottle
We've featured a number of articles in this newsletter about the putative health benefits of bottled water, and largely, we don't believe the hype. The bottled-water industry is largely unregulated, so you can never be 100-percent sure what you're going to get. Tap water, on the other hand, is heavily regulated by the EPA, in addition to state and local agencies, so you can be pretty sure what you're going to get. And there are plenty of affordable filters available to make the tap water taste as good as your favorite bottled brand. You'll save tons of money by switching to tap, paying pennies instead of dollars for a liter or two of the wet stuff, but more importantly, you'll be helping the environment in two ways. First, much like the plastic bags, the petroleum-based plastic bottles are largely eco-unfriendly. They can be recycled, but the ones that aren't end up on the millennium-decomposition plan with their plastic bag brethren. Secondly, there's the enormous transportation costs—especially if you're getting your fancy water shipped in from Fiji or Norway. Does American water really taste that much worse that it's worth polluting the oceans, the air, and the land to transport a bottle of H20 halfway across the globe?
MAY—Better bathroom habits
And we're not just talking about leaving the seat up or down. Our morning hygiene routines can be the most wasteful part of the day. Starting with brushing your teeth—if you leave the sink running while you brush your teeth for two minutes, about three gallons of water are going down the drain. Then when you hop in the shower, you're using 2.5 gallons of water per minute. And if your toilet's a bit on the older side, add another 5 gallons per flush. So a 2-minute tooth brushing, 10-minute shower, and toilet flush send a grand total of 33 gallons down the pipes. You can knock down the total by cutting your shower time in half. You can also install a low-flow shower head or faucet aerator, which can cut your water use in half and save you up to $250 a year. Also, if you still have one those water bottles that you stopped using in April lying around, you can fill it with water and put it in your toilet tank. By displacing the tank water, you'll have less wasteful flushes. Replacing your toilet with a newer low-flow model can reduce your flush from 5 gallons to as low as 1.5 gallons. And honestly, if your toilet is old enough to be a 5-gallon model, it's probably a little crusty anyway.
Summer is the perfect time to start getting to know your local farmers' market. If you don't know where yours is, do a little Internet surfing—most communities have farmers' markets or at least cooperatives that allow you the opportunity to shop locally. The advantages are many. You help support your community. You get food so fresh that it may have been in the ground the day before. You can get food with fewer chemicals and preservatives or at least be able to look the producer in the eye and ask, "What's on your apple?" You can save money since you aren't paying for the food to be shipped from some faraway land, which wastes petroleum resources and causes air, sea, and land pollution as with the bottled water. If you have to shop at the supermarket, check what you buy to see where it's produced and try buying products produced locally. Also, don't be afraid to let your supermarket managers know that you'd like them to stock locally grown stuff. If they know you're interested, they'll also be interested. Even better, shop at independently owned grocery stores where the person making the buying decisions is on site.
JULY—Walk, don't drive
As a resident of Los Angeles, this is almost heresy to say, but by getting out of your car, you'll be saving fuel and helping your health. You inhale way more pollutants when you're inside your car than when you're outside walking past the traffic. Plus, you're giving yourself huge cardiovascular benefits by getting out and stretching your legs. Think about all your daily errands and consider if any of them could have your car taken out of the equation. Even small changes in your routine can lead to big overall savings in gas and make you and the planet healthier. Think about carpooling or taking public transportation if it's available. You save gas and you can read the paper in the morning instead of cursing the slowpoke driving five miles per hour in front of you. If you have to drive, there are still some ways to reduce your carbon footprint. Try not to be a stop-and-go driver. People who habitually ride the brake and accelerator use up to 30 percent more gas than the people who drive more evenly. Keeping the pressure in your tires up is another way to make your drive more efficient. By losing the junk in the trunk, you can make your ride lighter and you use less gas. By keeping your windows rolled up, you reduce the drag on your car—your car becomes more aerodynamic and requires less fuel. And by going 50 miles per hour instead of 70, you can save 25 percent in fuel efficiency.
AUGUST—Less paper, more room
If there's one thing that single-handedly contributes the most to the messy rooms piled with junk that I call home, it's paper. By the end of every week I have a waist-high stack of newspapers poised to collapse in my living room. My bedroom floor is littered with subscription cards which have fallen out of magazines that I already have subscriptions to. The top of my desk is a distant memory, buried under stacks of mail mostly unopened. My bookshelves have been crammed to bursting, because apparently on my next day off, I plan to plow through the hundred or so books I impulse-bought to read in my spare time. All of this is at odds with the minimalist aesthetic I claim to pursue. I recycle as much paper as I can, but do I really need all this in the first place? Where to begin? First off, take a magic marker with you when you check the mail. Three magic words, "Return to Sender," or three others, "Remove from List," can begin to make your life a lot less cluttered and ultimately save a lot of paper. Hopefully, people will stop sending you junk, or at the very least, the junk never makes it into your home. There are also services available online that for a small fee will get your name and address scrubbed from most lists. Check with your various credit card and utility companies to see if you can go paperless and receive your bills via email. Also, email the companies who send you catalogs to tell them you'd prefer to receive their information electronically. See if electronic versions of your favorite newspapers and magazines are available. Most have the extra advantage of having an online archive, so, unlike me, you won't have that milk crate full of old New Yorkers that you never had time to finish reading but couldn't bear to throw away. Get to know your library. You can save a fortune on books, and instead of taking up residence in your home, those books that turned out to be not-so-hot only visit you for two or three weeks.
SEPTEMBER—One man's trash, another's treasure
As a consumer society, we literally have tons of stuff that we discard every year. Sure, a lot of it we should never have bought in the first place, but once we have it, we're stuck with it; and if we don't get rid of it, we can't get new stuff! We try to recycle the stuff we can, and can sometimes even talk the city into coming and picking up our toxic stuff like old fridges and TVs. But some stuff just seems destined to go to the junkyard or landfill. Before we let our misguided purchases shuffle off to begin their centuries of decomposition, however, try finding a new home for your soon-to-be-orphaned junk. Have a yard sale. It's a great way to make a little cash and meet your neighbors. You can get your neighbors involved with the sale too. Everyone's got some junk to get rid of. Or see if any of your local thrift stores or charities would be interested. Or try posting on a trading site like eBay or Craigslist—you might even make a buck or two. If you don't even think it's worth a buck or you're just feeling charitable, give the stuff away on Freecycle.org. The important thing is to keep it out of the landfill.
OCTOBER—Go green when you clean
If you're like me, the most toxic place in the house is under the kitchen sink. I have enough chemical solutions to start my own meth lab, which is probably a bit of overkill when all I really need is a little something to wipe off my stovetop once in a while. And the scary part—I'm spraying all my surfaces with these toxins and then making food on them. I'm paying top dollar to coat my kitchen in poison and then send toxins down the drain to pollute the groundwater or the ocean or wherever my drain ultimately goes. So I'm getting rid of my most hazardous cleaners and going old school with the cleaning. Almost all of your kitchen-cleaning needs can be handled with baking soda or distilled vinegar (although not together—remember those make-your-own-volcano science projects?). If there's something that these two cleaning titans can't handle, try Googling around for a green solution. There are message boards all over the place and someone must have found a way to solve the problem without having to resort to chemical warfare.
NOVEMBER—Veg out once in a while
Beef, chicken, pork, lamb. They're all delicious, and in low-fat, preferably organic varieties, they're also nutritious. But the environmental cost of bringing meat to our dinner tables is huge. Rainforests are cut down to make way for grazing land. All of the cows bred for beef create an enormous methane problem, the old-fashioned way. Plus it takes thousands of gallons of water to produce meat, aside from the fact that it burns tons of fuel and creates tons of pollution to transport it. If we all went vegetarian, or even better, vegan, just one day a week, it would make an enormous impact on the environment. A veg-out day could have cleansing properties for your body and make it a bit easier on your pocketbook.
DECEMBER—Have a green Christmas
The lights, the sounds, the presents—the holidays are here. And even the Grinch wouldn't ask us not to indulge in our annual festival of excess, but there a few things we can do to help the environment without spoiling the fun. Like try hanging LED Christmas lights instead of incandescents. You'll save a lot of energy for the planet and a lot of money on your electric bill. Buy recycled gift wrap. Or find creative ways to wrap presents that don't require gift wrap—like using reusable gift bags or making the gift wrap part of the present. I wrap my tabloid-loving friend's presents in the latest supermarket rag. Think about exchanging e-cards this holiday season. It's less of a hassle, saves a lot on postage, and helps the environment by saving paper and the fuel required to deliver the cards via snail mail. If you can't imagine the holidays without a mantel full of cards, at least buy recycled cards. And when the holidays are over, you can take the fronts of the cards and donate them to various charities that recycle them and sell them to raise money the following year.
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7 Ways to Beat Holiday StressBy Carla Lord
Shopping. Decorations. Shopping. Family. Shopping. The holiday season is supposed to be a magical time—the most wonderful time of the year. So how is it that many of us tend to wind up feeling tired, drained, and stressed out? You don't have to be among the many who feel this way though. Let's take a look at how you can spend more time singing holiday carols and less time singing the holiday blues.
A good place to start is to take a look at the usual suspects—the main contributors to holiday stress. Finances top the list, being cited in many reports as the number one stressor for Americans during the holiday season, a time when expenses can often meet or exceed the funds in the bank account. Then there's shopping . . . the choices, the lines, and the overall mad rush to get something for everyone on your list. And then there's family. Ah, family. Tensions invariably run high during the holidays, when so many individual personalities are often crammed together into one very condensed amount of time. Cooking, cleaning . . . it can seem like the list of things you have to do—and the short time in which you have to do it—is insurmountable. Here are a few things to keep in mind that can lighten the load and give you the feeling that there really is peace on Earth.
- Spread good cheer—not beer. The holidays are a time when temptations are everywhere . . . eggnog, cordials, and visions of sugar-powdered desserts dancing in your head. One serving of traditional eggnog has 250 calories, 117 of which are from fat! Holiday bingeing can ruin all the hard work you've put in this year to get fit and stay healthy. Limit how much alcohol you consume (and never drink and drive!); instead of having a second glass of champagne, drink fruit juice or water. Take small portions when you eat your meals, and don't go back for seconds.
- 'Tis better to give than receive. A great thing to do whether you're on your own or you're part of a group for the holidays. Remembering that there are people who are less fortunate than we are is not only a great humanitarian deed, but it can also lift your heart and add a kick to your step. While you're shopping, grab an extra something to donate to a food bank or a shelter, or, if you have the time, get involved "hands-on" by volunteering in a food drive. Be a mentor and play Santa to a needy
child . . . the list can go on and on. Sometimes, even just a smile or a kind word is all it takes to brighten someone's day.
- Jump into the New Year. Exercise! Bet you didn't see that one coming. Even though you may feel busier now than you did at any other point this year, don't slip from your routine. Make time for your workouts—you'll feel good about your own discipline and your body will thank you. You won't have the feeling after the holidays that you need to start over for your New Year's resolution . . . you'll just be continuing the regimen that you've committed to. Plus, keeping a steady workout schedule will make it all the easier to work out just that much harder to burn off those guilty pleasures you've indulged in (come on, we all know there will be at least one). Exercise is also a great stress reliever; you'll feel more at ease just through the workout you're getting. Kick or dance those stressors away while doing Turbo Jam® or Hip Hop Abs®—and stay fit at the same time! It's win-win! And to make sure you don't fall off the wagon, schedule workouts in WOWY® to keep yourself accountable.
- Leave the masks for Halloween. For many people, this time of year can be quite difficult, and so feeling like you are acting and putting on a fake persona can add to the stress. Don't allow the holiday cheer to bring you down; do allow yourself to listen to your body. Feelings of grief, depression, and loneliness should not be ignored. Check out community events or call friends or family members to get involved in activities. If the blues feel overwhelming or seem to be increasing, don't hesitate to consult a professional—many employers offer EAPs (Employee Assistance Programs) that can give you a good start.
- Check your list twice. Although it may be too late for this year, don't wait until "Black Friday" to commence your holiday shopping—start making your plans early. Shopping online can save you the effort of going out on the hunt in myriad stores for your gifts of choice (it's also eco- and wallet-friendly, reduces emissions, and saves you gas money!). And now there's even "Cyber Monday" for the serious online shopper. If you're going to play host to your family and friends this year, start thinking about how you want to arrange your party and how you want to organize the meal, so that you can shop accordingly. Will you do all the cooking, or will your guests contribute to a potluck? Making these decisions early can help you avoid those annoying last trips out to the store.
- Don't shop 'til you drop. Instead of giving your loved one a gift, offer to give a donation to a charity in his or her name. Perhaps there's a cause you both feel strongly about, or maybe there's a cause you feel your loved one may really enjoy becoming a part of. You don't have to give away your life savings, but whatever you can do will certainly help. From global warming to malaria to cancer or AIDS, someone can always benefit from your good will, and both you and your loved one can feel good that you've done something to make the world a better place. And after all, isn't that the spirit of the season?
- Silent night. Get plenty of rest, and try to avoid overdoing it with the caffeine. Your body needs the time to repair. When you take into account all of the health-related problems to which a lack of sleep can contribute—including obesity, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and stroke—it's safe to say it's important to get enough shuteye. If you find it difficult to "turn off," try doing something relaxing to unwind. Whether it takes reading, herbal tea, listening to music, yoga, or meditation (like in Yoga Booty Ballet®), allowing your body to relax before going to bed can do wonders for your ability to get enough rest. Pleasant dreams, and don't let the reindeer bite.
Test Your Environment IQ!By Monica Gomez
True or False?
- True: The world's rainforests are home to 50 percent of the earth's plants and animals. Though the world's rainforests only occupy about 2 percent of the earth's surface and 6 percent of the world's land surface, they are home to approximately 50 percent of the earth's plants and animals. However, that's compared to the 14 percent of the earth's land surface that they once covered. On average, a reported one and one-half acres of rainforest are lost every second, putting that 50 percent at risk of extinction. So why should rainforest preservation be important? Perhaps for the more than 1,300 rainforest plants in the Amazon that are known to scientists to have some medicinal value (though only 10 percent of all the plant and animal species in the world's rainforests have been studied for their possible medicinal value). Preservation becomes imperative because rainforests help control the world's climate. They also help prevent soil erosion and water pollution.
- True: Coral reefs shelter low-lying islands from storm waves and flooding. And second only to tropical rainforests in plant and animal diversity, coral reefs are among the world's most bountiful ecosystems. Reefs have highly sensitive environments—requiring special temperature, salinity, light, oxygen, and nutrient conditions—and thus serve as sensitive indicators of water quality and the health of the coastal watershed (defined as an area in which water, sediments, and dissolved materials drain to a common outlet—i.e., a river, lake, bay, or ocean). Besides being important sources of food, like the rainforests, scientists are discovering that coral communities may also contain medicinal values—from natural poisons that can be used as painkillers to substances that can be used to heal broken bones.
- False: Aluminum cans were the most recycled consumer good in the U.S. in 2006. Actually, newspapers were the most recycled consumer good in the U.S. through collection programs. According to the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Municipal Solid Waste in the US: 2006 Facts and Figures, newspapers were recycled at a rate of 87.9 percent while aluminum cans (aluminum beer and soft drink cans) were recycled at a rate of 45.1 percent. Other rates in the report included corrugated cardboard boxes (72 percent); steel cans (62.9 percent); yard trimmings (62 percent); magazines (40.5 percent); tires (34.9 percent); plastic HDPE (high-density polyethylene) milk and water bottles (31 percent); plastic soft drink bottles (30.9 percent); and glass containers (25.3 percent). Is recycling a worthwhile endeavor? As the EPA states: "Recycling is one of the best environmental success stories of the late 20th century. Recycling, which includes composting, diverted over 72 million tons of material away from landfills and incinerators in 2003, up from 34 million tons in 1990—doubling in just 10 years." Besides reducing the need for landfills and incineration, recycling also decreases greenhouse gas emissions, conserves natural resources, and helps sustain the environment for future generations.
- False: "Bad ozone" occurs naturally in the upper atmosphere at approximately 6 to 30 miles above the earth's surface. Actually, its "good ozone" that occurs naturally in the earth's atmosphere—6 to 30 miles above the earth's surface. There, natural ozone forms a protective layer that shields us from the sun's harmful ultraviolet rays. However, "bad ozone" can be found in the earth's lower atmosphere—also termed ground-level ozone—where it is formed by pollutants emitted by cars, power plants, industrial boilers, refineries, chemical plants, and other sources (through a chemical reaction between oxides of nitrogen and volatile organic compounds in the presence of sunlight). Several negative health effects are associated with ground-level ozone, including: irritation of the respiratory system; reduced lung function; aggravation of asthma; increased respiratory infections; and inflammation and damage of the lining of the lungs. Ground-level ozone is known as a summertime air pollutant because sunlight and hot weather cause "bad ozone" levels to form in harmful concentrations in the air. Therefore, children, who may often spend a large part their summertime outdoors, and people who are active outdoors are at a higher risk for negative health impacts.
- True: Paper is the most common item found in municipal solid waste landfills. On average, paper accounts for more than 40 percent of a municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill's contents. The EPA states that "newspapers alone can take up as much as 13 percent of the space in U.S. landfills." The EPA recycled paper product percentages for 2006 were broken down as follows: newspapers (88 percent); corrugated boxes (72 percent); office paper (66 percent); magazines (40.5 percent); and telephone directories (19 percent). At 85 million tons (the amount of paper products in the MSW stream in 2006), paper products offer the greatest opportunity for recycling. Recycled paper can be converted into insulation, gypsum wallboard, fertilizer bags, and mulch. It is important to remember that organic materials, including paper, do not easily biodegrade in landfills (proving to be more resistant to biodegrading when compacted than when in open contact with the atmosphere).
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